An Overview of Qing Glass

26 known bottles of this form in ruby-red glass, sapphire-blue and Imperial yellow, to mention only a few of the possible colors. The records for 1745 suggest that I have been wrong about the date at which jadeite became popular and began to attract the same sort of attention as nephrite. I had suggested, from evidence presented in the J & J catalogue that this took place at some time during the last two decades of the eighteenth century. 30 This seems in contradiction to the record for 1743 where, for the first time, “ jadeite-green ” occurs as a color for Imperial glass. 31 It occurs frequently thereafter. If jadeite was being imitated in glass by 1743 it must, presumably, have been valued even if supplies may have been sporadic due to poor relations with Burma, the source of this stone for Qing China. Considering some of the evidence of official records and Jesuit correspondence, there may be a few other glass snuff bottles which might date from the earlier part of the Qianlong reign. Among orders for glass snuff bottles in 1746 are eight to be given to the Dalai and Panchen Lamas. A significant proportion of wares made in the Imperial glassworks were intended as gifts to courtiers, visiting dignitaries, vassal rulers and those of greater independence with whom good relations were considered important. The exchange of gifts at Fig. 40. Small ruby-red glass bottle carved with raised oval panels, 1736–1750. Fig. 42. Imperial yellow bottle decorated with archaistic design, Qianlong reign mark on the base. Fig. 43. Crizzled pale ruby-red colorless glass bottle, 1710–1770. Bloch Collection. Fig. 44. Blue overlay on semi-transparent milky glass ground with a continuous design of two kui dragons, 1710–1760. Bloch Collection. Fig. 39. Red overlay glass bottle on a snowstorm ground carved to illustrate a vase and antiquities. Fig. 41. Imperial yellow bottle decorated with archaistic design, 1736–1770. Bloch Collection.