An Overview of Qing Glass

Fig. 49. Faceted Imperial yellow bottle with incised inscription, Qianlong mark on the base. Fig. 50. Milky-white glass carved with eight lobed panels inscribed with a poem in regular script divided between lobes, 1750–1799. Bloch Collection. Figure 45 has a Qianlong reign mark, in seal-script, on the foot and probably dates from early in the reign, perhaps the first half, and figure 46 , similarly marked, and of crizzled brown glass, is also probably from the earlier part of the reign. It is an indication of the Qianlong tendency for snuff bottles to get bigger until they become “ full- hand ” bottles or “ magnums. ” If this is from the first half of the Qianlong period, we have an early example of this trend, but by the second half larger bottles had become quite common. Figure 47 has a four-character Qianlong reign mark and would be possible from anywhere in the reign, although perhaps the second half is a little more likely. Figures 48, 49 and 50 are part of a fairly large series of Imperially inscribed bottles which usually date from the latter part of the reign, although figure 48 is of a shape which would suggest an early Qianlong date. It may, however, have been an earlier bottle which the Emperor designated for an encomium to a military official at a later date. It is marked Qianlong yuzhi [Made by Imperial command of the Qianlong Emperor]. Figures 49 and 50 both have Qianlong seal-script marks and may have been made during the second part of the reign, the latter being related to a group of similar bottles in transparent gray agate, some of which can be reliably dated to the last two decades of the reign. Faceted bottles of various types continued to be popular throughout the reign and figure 51 is one of three known bottles all blown into the same, faceted mold. In this case we know the mold was faceted because of the integrity of the thin, upper layer of scarlet and yellow mottling, whereas on the faceted realgar glass of figure 20 40 , the glass was blown into a plain mold, and the faceting was superimposed by the lapidary, Fig. 48. Imperial yellow glass engraved on both sides with a poetic inscription in clerical script, the base marked in regular script, Qianlong yuzhi [Made by Imperial command of the Qianlong Emperor], 1760–1799. Bloch Collection. Fig. 46. Crizzled brown glass bottle and the base marked, Qianlong nianzhi , 1736–1770. Bloch Collection. Fig. 47. Emerald-green glass bottle carved with six ogival panels containing floral designs, Qianlong mark on the base. Bloch Collection. 13