An Overview of Qing Glass

14 so that the original surface layer of brighter red is visible only at the corners and edges of the facets where the least glass had to be removed. There is a crystal version of this shape, painted inside by Yiru Jushi in 1811, so we know it was a reasonably early form. 41 In the case of the realgar glass versions, however, Fig. 52. Double gourd bottle with eight vertical facets in the upper section and convex oval panels in the lower segment, 1736–1780. Bloch Collection. Fig. 51. Multi-faceted realgar glass bottle, 1710–1780. Bloch Collection. Fig. 53. Multi-faceted double gourd turquoise-blue glass bottle, 1700–1770. Bloch Collection. Fig. 54. Pale ruby-pink glass with convex circular panels on each side, one containing a lotus plant and the reverse a carp, 1830–1780. Bloch Collection. Fig. 55. Pale pink glass bottle carved to illustrate a continuous design of formalized lotus petals, 1730–1820. Bloch Collection. I suspect they may date from the first half of the Qianlong period. A bizarre faceted form in ruby glass is typical of the Qianlong period with its formal excess and may be from the first half ( fig. 52 ). Although of faceted double-gourd shape, the lower portion is exactly the same form as the early- eighteenth century octagonal faceted bottles, one of which we saw in figure 40 42 . Figure 53 is another faceted bottle, presumably from the Qianlong period but possibly, again, from the earlier part. It is as fine a job of faceting as one is likely to find, and of a complex form, again based on a double gourd. The perfect match with a genuine stone stopper proves the excellent job in glass of copying the more precious variety of turquoise. Figure 54 is one of a range of similar bottles, made as a series, probably from the early- or mid- Qianlong period and relates, in its use of a pale wash of ruby-red from colloidal gold in colorless glass to the rare bottle in figure 43 43 . This group also has the rope-borders which are borrowed from antiquity and which were apparently popular at the beginning of the Qianlong reign. Figure 55 represents a relatively large group of related wares, many of which are of the lotus design, although cabbages and fish also appear and, of course, many plain versions of the sandwiched group of glass bottles. In this case a thin powdering of ruby glass is sandwiched between layers of

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